A Bacteria (Clostridium botulinum) produces a substance called boulinum toxin. If that toxin is ingested with food, it causes a poisoning that we call botulism. The same toxin, pharmaceutically processed, becomes a protein that can be used in medicinal purposes, in neurology and aesthetics.
Botox, when applied, blocks the chemical transport between nerve and muscle and disables the movement of the muscle for a certain period of time, while the effect lasts. Essentially, the muscle cannot contract within that period of time, and cannot be used for mimic expressions and making additional frown lines.
What are the uses for Botox?
Aesthetically, Botox is used for treatment of wrinkles. It’s used to correct frown lines on the forehead, between and around the eyes. After applying Botox, a rejuvenated and well- rested effect is achieved.
How does the treatment look like?
A small well defined dose of the drug solution is applied with a very fine needle to certain strategic points on the face. Usually, it’s about 3 to 4 points over a certain region in order to inactivate the whole muscle.
Possible side-effects after a treatment?
It is possible for puncture mark bruising to occur, on the spots where the needle was placed, which resolves within 7 days . Nausea or headache may occur after treatment, but is considered a drug side effect only if it occurs within 24h of treatment.
In some situations it is possible that an eyebrow or an eyelid may droop, it is a temporary manifestation that lasts up to 3 months.
When is Botox not recommended?
When a person has already had an allergic reaction to ingredients of this or products alike. Also, pregnancy and breastfeeding.
If Botox is applied directly to the muscle the effect is apparent within 48h, and fully developed within 7 days.
If Botox is applied under the skin, it takes a bit longer, between 7 and 14 days for the effect to develop.
Effects usually last for about 6 months, and the treatment can be repeated after that period of time.
Frequently asked questions
Botox application itself hurts as much as a small prick by needle. There may sometimes be a burning sensation in the treated region.
What else is it used for?
It is used for treatment of hyperhidrosis (in the armpits, on the palms). Neurologists use it for treatment of dystonias and muscle spasms.
Can it be used repeatedly after the effects wear off?
Yes, but after a certain period you may want to consider a different kind of approach that has a longer lasting effect.
Are there age related restrictions for this treatment?
It’s used on patients between 18 and 65 years of age, although it is the physician’s decision whether it is to be used on someone younger than 25.
What is the difference between Botox and Dysport?
There are 2 products available on our market that are FDA approved for use in these purposes, Botox and Dysport, both are Botulinum Toxin Type A, and they are effectively the same drug.